17th century bohemian rhapsody | Harmonia Ancient Music


welcome to Harmony . . . I am Angela Mariani. There is a library in Kroměříž, [KROM-yer-jsheesh], now part of the Czech Republic, which holds the largest collection of 17th century music in Central Europe. The library was that of Prince-Bishop Karl Liechtenstein-Castelcorno, whose chaplain was violinist Philipp Jakob Rittler and whose Kapellmeister was famous trumpeter Pavel Josef Vejvanovsky. This hour we will focus on the music of these two bohemian composers. Plus, more baroque music for trumpet and strings in our featured recording, a Pan Classics 2020 release by Ars Antiqua Austria, conducted by Gunar Letzbor.

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Biber: Harmonia artificiosa-ariosa, Parts n ° 1 to 6
2006 Bridge Records
Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber
Tr. 28 Harmonia artificiosa-ariosa: Partia n ° 5 in G minor, V. Passacaglia (real 4: 55ish)

The REBEL Ensemble performed the Passacaglia by Heinrich Biber Harmonia artificiosa-ariosa: Partia n ° 5 in G minor.

Philipp Jakob Rittler and Pavel Josef Vejvanovský were violinist and trumpeter in 17e-century Moravia (now the Czech Republic) who probably met as young men at the Jesuit college of OPennsylvaniaVirginia. They then became the chaplain of the bishop and Kapellmeister, respectively, during the reign of Karl Liechtenstein-Kastelcorn, the influential and ambitious bishop of Olomouc

(O-lo-mohtz) in the second half of the 17the century. Moravia had been devastated by the 30 Years War, and the Bishop, a highly cultured prince, art collector and composer supported by the Habsburg establishment, built himself a splendid Italian Renaissance-style palace in Kroměříž [KROM-yer-jsheesh] and employed musicians from all over Europe to perform at his court and in his churches.

Besides being virtuoso performers, Rittler and more Vejvanovsky were composers and music copyists with whose help the bishop built up the largest collection of C17 music in Central Europe. The Kroměříž library contains many treasures, including the complete works of the two composers.

To get our ears used to the grandeur of the Bishop’s Chapel, let’s dive right into Vejvanovsky’s Sonata for Saints Peter and Paul, score for trumpet, 3 trombones, violin and 3 violas.

Vesperae Sancti Venceslai
Lukáš Sádovský, soprano boy; Martin Ptácek, countertenor; Jaroslav Brezina, tenor; Michael Pospíšil, bass; Boni puéri; Musica Florea; Marek Štryncl, conductor
Supraphon, 2002 / B000R8JVCI
Pavel Joseph Vejvanovsky´
Tr 21 Sonata SS Peteri and Pauli a 8 (4:26)

Musica Florea, conducted by Marek Štryncl, performed the Sonata for Saints Peter and Paul.

As the bishop’s choirmaster, Vejvenovský was one of the highest paid court servants, and most of his 137 works listed in the library’s musical inventory from 1695 are complete, of which more a dozen masses and many motets and other liturgical music, in addition to the instrumental music that is expected. Let’s listen to one of these motets, Ave sanctissimum redemptoris nostris corpus, score for 4 voices, strings, 3 trombones and organ:

Mass; Motetten; Orchestreweke
Sabine Goetz, soprano; Ingrid Alexandre, viola; Christian Cantieni, tenor; Michael Pavluv, bass; DRS Singers (2nd-3rd, 5th works); Cappella Musica Antica; Christoph Cajori, conductor.
Kassel: Cantata, 2010 / B004FWTCVM
Pavel Joseph Vejvanovsky ‘(1633-1693)
Tr. 7 Ave Sanctissimum Redemptoris (5:26)

Christoph Cajori conducted the Cappella Music Antica in the Vejvanovský Ave sanctissimum redemptoris.

Now let’s move on to a 1680 Serenada for strings, 5 trumpets and timpani. The serenade was originally a kind of musical greeting, usually performed outdoors in the evening.

Bach Trompeten Gala. flight. 1
Bach-Trompetenensemble München; Arnold Mehl, leader; with Franz Lehrndorfer, organ.
Ars musici, 2010 / B0000246XW
Pavel Joseph Vejvanovsky´
Tr. 7 Serenade XXIII (1680) (3:56)

the Bach-Trompetenensemble München; Arnold Mehl, leader; with Franz Lehrndorfer, organ, performed the Serenade XXIII.

Now let’s move from trumpeter to violinist. Philipp Rittler also composed both sacred and instrumental music, although like Vejvanovský very little of his sacred music has been recorded. As you will hear in his Sonata Sancti Caroli, noted for 2 vn, 3 va, 6 tpt, 3 trbn, vle, [violone?] timp and harpsichord, the two composers rushed to take advantage of the superb musical establishment available to them.

Trumpet music – BIBER, HIF von / RITTLER, PJ / SCHMELZER, JH / DOLAR, JB
[Trombett- und musikalischer Taffeldienst]
Concerto Stella Matutina
Fra Bernardo, 2012 / B01K8KU7IQ
Philipp rittler
Tr 23 Sonata Sancti Caroli (3:59)

at Philipp Rittler Sonata Sancti Caroli was performed by the Concerto Stella Matutina.

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Themed musical bed: Alcatraz Ensemble, Danse Royale, Elektra Nonesuch 79240-2 / B000005J0B, T.12: La Prime Estampie Royal

You can hear highlights from recent recordings and archives of early music concerts and more at Uncut Harmonia – our bimonthly podcast, organized and hosted by Wendy Gillespie. Listen online at harmonia early music dot org and through iTunes.

You are listening to Harmonia. . . I am Angela Mariani.

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: 59 Musical bed Midpoint Break:: 59 Musical bed: BIBER: Mensa Sonora / Violin Sonata in A major, The Purcell Quartet, Chandos 2008, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Tr. 6 Mensa sonora, seu Musica instrumentalis: Sonata no. 1 in D major: VI. Gigue (excerpt from 1:56)

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Happy to see you again. We listen to the music of two 17th century Moravian composers working in Kroměříž [KROM-yer-jsheesh] for Bishop Karl Liechtenstein-KastelKorn.

Philipp Jakob Rittler, the violinist of the duo, explores even more strengths Sonata a 18 score for 6 trumpets, 3 trombones, 2 violins, 3 violas, timpani and basso continuo …

Trumpet music – BIBER, HIF von / RITTLER, PJ / SCHMELZER, JH / DOLAR, JB
Concerto Stella Matutina
Fra Bernardo 2012 / B01K8KU7IQ
Philipp rittler
Tr. 3 Sonata a 18 (6:19)

The Concerto Stella Matutina played that of Philipp Rittler Sonata a 18.

Well, when was the last time you heard trumpets play on a lute? Here is Rittler’s Ciaccona for 2 trumpets, strings and basso continuo with a lute instead of the specified harpsichord:

New inventions (https://iub.naxosmusiclibrary.com/catalogue/item.asp?cid=886446935331)
Rolf Lislevand, Concerto Stella Matutina
Sony Classic 2018? / B07CXK4Y6R
Philipp rittler
Tr.9 Ciaccona (6:27)

Rolf Lily-le-vand played Ciaccona by Philipp Rittler with Concerto Stella Matutina.

And that brings us to this week’s featured release, Ars Antiqua Austria’s Festive baroque music for trumpets and strings, released in 2020 by Pan Classics. The music is entirely by our trumpeter, Pavel Josef Vejvanovský. We will first hear a Sonata in Be mollis. Knowing that the trumpet is a Bb instrument, the idea of ​​composing a piece in B minor would only occur to a very virtuoso trumpeter!

Festive baroque music for trumpets and strings
Ars Antiqua Austria; Gunar Letzbor, conductor.
Pan Classics, 2020 / B01M3RRD8X
Pavel Josef Vejvanovský
T. 25 Sonata a 4 “Be mollis” (4:57)

It was Vejvanovský’s Sonata in B minor for trumpet, strings and basso continuo. We will end with his other Serenada for violin, 3 violas, 5 trumpets, timpani and basso continuo, which has 5 movements, with the fourth movement a Presto which lasts a little over half a minute!

Festive baroque music for trumpets and strings
Ars Antiqua Austria; Gunar Letzbor, conductor.
Pan Classics, 2020 / B01M3RRD8X
Pavel Josef Vejvanovský
T. 26-30 Serenade II (9:35)

We listened to the music of Pavel Josef Vejvanovský on our featured release, the Pan Classics 2020 Festive baroque music for trumpets and strings, performed by Ars Antiqua Austria, Gunar Letzbor, director.

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Harmonia is a production of WFIU. Support comes from Early Music America: a national organization that champions and supports the historic performance of music from the past, the community of artists who create it, and the listeners whose lives are enriched. On the web at EarlyMusicAmerica-dot-org.

Additional resources come from the William and Gayle Cook Music Library at the Jacobs School of Music at Indiana University.

We appreciate your thoughts on any part of this program, or on early music in general. Contact us at harmonia early music dot org. And, you can follow our Facebook page and our updates on Twitter by searching for Harmonia Early Music.

The author of this edition of Harmonia was Wendy Gillespie.

Thanks to our studio engineer Michael Paskash and our production team: LuAnn Johnson, Wendy Gillespie, Aaron Cain and John Bailey. I am Angela Mariani, I invite you to join us again for the next edition of Harmony.

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